American military interventions and human rights violations in the world
America has had the largest military intervention in the world so far. This issue, contrary to the prevailing popular opinion, is not only related to the contemporary period, but this country has violated their national sovereignty and violated human rights in these countries with its numerous military interventions in other countries since its establishment.
America has had the largest military intervention in the world so far. Contrary to popular opinion, this issue is not only related to the contemporary period, but this country has violated their national sovereignty and violated human rights in these countries with its numerous military interventions in other countries. In fact, although the United States based on the policy of its founders and then by focusing on the Monroe Doctrine in the years after independence until the military intervention in the First World War and then in the Second World War has been inclined to the tradition of isolationism in its foreign policy, but its extensive interventions in the American continent and Then, in Asia during this period and after World War II, it shows that this country, in line with its national interests, has always maintained the priority of military intervention to achieve national and transnational goals.
On the other hand, apart from military interventions, America also has a wide record of human rights violations in other countries through political, economic and security interventions. As the largest seller of military weapons, this country has violated human rights in the world by selling its weapons, as well as violating international conventions and regulations, and intervening and seeking profit in other international crises. In this report, considering the importance of American military interventions after the Second World War, when this country has emerged as the world’s leading power, trying to expand its hegemonic power in the world, its military interventions in the world during this period are first mentioned below. Then the violation of human rights by the United States in other countries has been investigated.
1- American military interventions in the world
1-1- Military interventions during the years 1945-1950
1945-1949: Occupation of a part of Germany.
1945-1955: Occupation of a part of Austria.
1945-1946: Occupation of a part of Italy.
1945-1952: Occupation of Japan.
1945-1946: Temporary reoccupation of the Philippines to aid in the independence of the land.
1945-1949: Occupation of South Korea.
1946: Italy – Following the firing of Yugoslav forces on the US civilian transport unit, US President Harry Truman ordered the increase of US forces on the occupation line of the border between Italy and Yugoslavia.
1948: Palestine – The Coast Guard was sent to Jerusalem to protect the American Consulate.
1948-1949: Berlin – The establishment of the Berlin Air Line to provide aid to the western part of Berlin following the siege of this city by the forces of the Soviet Union Red Army.
1948-1949: China – sending US Marines to Beijing to protect the US Embassy in this city after the Chinese Communist Revolution.
2-1- Military interventions during the years 1950-1959
1950-1953: Korean War – sending American troops as part of the United Nations forces to defend the southern part of the Korean peninsula against the communist forces of North Korea and China. More than 36 thousand American soldiers were killed in this war.
1950-1955: Taiwan – In June 1950, US President Harry Truman ordered the US 7th Fleet to be deployed between the island of Taiwan and mainland China to prevent a possible communist attack on the island.
1954-1955: China – The US Navy evacuated the citizens and soldiers of this country from China.
1955-1964: Vietnam – The first American military advisers left for Vietnam on February 12, 1955. By 1964, the number of American troops in Vietnam reached 21,000. On August 7, 1964, the US Congress approved the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, which allowed the US President to take necessary measures to protect the CITO member states if necessary.
1956 Egypt – A US Navy ship evacuated American citizens from the city of Alexandria during the Suez War.
1958 Lebanon – During the 1958 Lebanon crisis, US Marines entered this country under the pretext of Shamoun’s complete invitation. The United States Congress supported this action and this model was later implemented in other regions of the world.
3-1- Military interventions during the years 1960-1969
1959-1960: Caribbean – The US Marine Corps carried out research in this country under the pretext of protecting American citizens during the Cuban Revolution.
1962 Thailand – On May 17, 1962, the special unit of the US Marine Corps arrived in Thailand under the pretext of supporting this country against the threat of communists from abroad.
1962 Cuba – On October 22, during the Cuban Missile Crisis, US President John Kennedy ordered a naval blockade of Cuba to prevent the movement of Soviet ships towards this country.
1962-1975: Laos – From October 1962 to 1975, the United States provided military support to the anti-communist government of Laos.
1964 Congo (Zaire) – America sent 4 transport planes to move Congolese troops during the rebellions in this country.
1959-1975: Vietnam War – The number of American military advisers in South Vietnam increased. In August 1964, during the Gulf of Tonkin incident, the United States officially entered into a war with the forces of North Vietnam. By 1969, the number of American troops in Vietnam reached 543,000.
1969: Dominican Republic – The United States sent 20,000 military troops under the pretext of protecting the lives of American citizens in the Dominican Republic to prevent the country from falling into the lap of communism.
1969: Congo (Zaire) – The United States sent 3 military transport planes to move the general forces